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Project information: Transforming Children’s Social Care
An opportunity for FREE use of BERRI tools for identifying and tracking the psychological needs of children and young people known to children’s social care services. The project can provide FREE data insights about your populations and help you improve commissioning practice, with the option of psychological screening and advice for all Looked After Children, in a select group of local authorities

1. The need

Nationally £9 billion is spent on children’s social care in the UK. Placements cost £3 billion of this. Within this, over a billion pounds is spent on just 7,500 children in residential care, with many placements exceeding £150,000 per child per year, yet there is little information to help guide which child needs which placement, or what services deliver added value to commission.

Despite this huge budget, outcomes from Care are still poor. Care Leavers are more than 50 times more likely to experience imprisonment, substance misuse, homelessness, inpatient mental health stays, or their own children being removed into Care. As well as the human costs, this leads to excess lifetime costs of up to £2 million per care leaver to the public purse.

Despite very high levels of mental health problems, and recognition that unmet mental health needs are often the trigger to children coming into care, or being placed in specialist out of county placements, no reliable outcome metrics are used to identify or track needs in this population.

Children in Care have always struggled to access psychological support, particularly when they are placed out of area. Overloaded CAMH services often have referral criteria that only provide services for specific conditions or patterns of need, and are rarely able to respond to a crisis, even where this could potentially prevent a placement breakdown. During the coronavirus pandemic, child and adolescent mental health services that were already hard to access have struggled to keep up with demand and adapt to work in ways that minimise the risk of infection. Yet the additional anxiety of the disruption and the social isolation caused by the lockdown have caused many young people’s mental health to deteriorate. There are fears we are looking at a "tsunami" of mental health needs.

2. The solution: BERRI

BERRI is an innovative digital tool set provided by LifePsychol that identifies the needs of individual children, in terms of their Behaviour, Emotional-wellbeing, Risk to self/others, ability to form Relationships, and Indicators of underlying neurodevelopmental or psychiatric conditions. BERRI is based around a questionnaire that is completed on any computer, tablet or smartphone. It is evidence based and has been validated by doctoral research in the UK. BERRI also provides individualised reports with advice for caregivers that increase carer insights and help them to feel supported to meet the psychological needs of the children they care for. LifePsychol can then support carers with additional training and video consultancy, improving care and preventing placement breakdown. Our services that have not been disrupted by the pandemic, can be accessed during lockdown, and do not place carers or children at any additional risk of contagion.

BERRI has been dubbed "the new gold standard" (Independent Children's Homes Association) and "the missing link in the childcare system" (Sir Martin Narey).

BERRI is currently used in 245 children's homes, as well as fostering agencies, secure units, schools and therapy services. Many children have been monitored with BERRI over time for several years, and BERRI has built a unique UK database of over 1000 children in residential care alone, meaning it provides market-leading insights about how individual children compare to the wider populations in specialist placements. Data about how children’s scores change over time when using differing placement providers and services give unique insights into the efficacy and value for money of such services. We also understand the impact of different life events, including changes to contact, other children joining or leaving the placement, or school exclusion – as well as the more recent impact of the coronavirus and related restrictions on the mental health of children in Care.

3. Data Protection and Team expertise

BERRI has been carefully designed with stringent data protection, which is why it is widely used in secure units, NHS and Local Authority services. BERRI does not record “personal data” about the children (as defined by GDPR and the Data Protection Act). This means BERRI records are anonymous strings of numbers that would be worthless to a hacker, even though carers and professionals can identify which record belongs to the child they are working with and produce individualised reports about them. BERRI staff are all DBS checked, and the clinicians behind BERRI have full professional accreditation and HCPC registration.

Dr Silver, the consultant Clinical Psychologist who designed BERRI is a national expert in the mental health of Looked After Children. Her book “Attachment in Common Sense and Doodles” is highly regarded, and she has written and contributed to numerous policy documents. She gave evidence to a recent government select committee on children’s social care. Dr Silver has led both NHS and multi-agency specialist CAMH services for Looked After and adopted children, and delivered a nationwide service development program within a major children’s residential care provider, training over 1000 staff, as well as designing and delivering a psychological care pathway for the service. She has also completed more than 250 expert psychological assessments of children and families for the family courts, and authored best practise guidelines for practitioner psychologists working in this context.

4. The evidence for BERRI

a) Improved outcomes for vulnerable children:

Scores improve by an average of 14% over the first six months of using BERRI. Carers consistently report understanding the children better and feeling more supported in their role. Concerns are identified earlier and crises can be averted. By identifying needs effectively more children get the opportunity to live within families, and there is a reduction in placement breakdowns. Improved mental health and more stable placements are likely to lead to more positive outcomes in adult life.

b) The benefits to commissioners:

Our pilots have shown local authorities can potentially save up to 20% of their residential care budget by using BERRI. This is primarily because of the opportunity to identify “step-down” candidates who can be moved from residential to family-based placements. This typically saves £120,000 per child per year - with savings realised within the same financial year and often lasting for the remainder of the child’s care journey. There is also the opportunity to contract differently with specialist/residential placement providers, building in periodic reviews in which the child can progress towards family care and/or using payment-by-results elements or renegotiating costs for children who are well-settled and no longer in crisis or requiring enhanced staffing ratios.

BERRI can also help with sufficiency planning by mapping the needs of the population in (and at the edge of) care, and helping to identify the services and placements that can address children’s needs most effectively.

It can also compare the efficacy of different providers or interventions in terms of the value added compared to the cost - some providers help children to change 3 times as fast as others!

BERRI can help to prevent placement breakdown and carer attrition, helping carers to feel supported with insights about the child’s needs and how best to care for them. We have very high levels of user satisfaction from professionals and carers, and coupled with training and consultancy our services have been described as “life-changing”, “extraordinary” and “the most useful input I’ve had in 13 years of doing this work”.

5. The opportunity

The current cost of an annual BERRI subscription for a public sector or non-profit organisation is £200 per child. Whilst this is significantly cheaper than a psychological assessment or a course of therapy, and insignificant compared to the cost of a foster placement, let alone the £150,000+ cost per child for most placements in residential care, we are well aware that public sector budgets are overstretched and any new money is hard to find.

However, LifePsychol, in collaboration with the Commissioning Alliance and Anna Freud Centre, recently successfully secured an Innovate UK grant to support the scale-up of BERRI.

This means that we can offer 12 MONTHS FREE BERRI SUBSCRIPTIONS to selected local authorities that meet the Innovate UK grant participation criteria. These are:

a. The project must include all Looked After Children known to the authority, and not just those in high cost placements (you may also choose to include children on the edge of Care, Care Leavers, children who are adopted/placed for adoption, children with SEND, children in specialist schools or services related to emotional or behavioural problems, or other groups receiving your services)

b. The project must start data collection before August 31st 2021, and complete data collection within 12 months (we normally collect data 4 times per year). Subscriptions will be free of charge until the end of June 2022.

c. As well as BERRI data, the project requires anonymous data about the type and cost of placement, services provided, the age the child entered Care and the number of past placements for all participating children, along with information about any placement breakdowns.

We will also provide FREE project support. We will provide briefing sessions for local leads within your agency to help plan the project. Partner local authorities will receive access to our online BERRI training materials, unlimited technical support, practical on the ground support from our project field workers to implement the project in your locality, plus an evaluation report showing the needs of children in your care and the degree to which these are being met by current placements and services.

BERRI is very simple to use. Our walkthrough training video takes only ten minutes and is sufficient for users who have never seen the system before to complete the questionnaire reliably and gain the benefits of the various outputs available. Prior projects have shown that the staff time commitment is about 60-90 minutes per child over the course of the year, and this is more than repaid in the high quality reports that BERRI produces, which can be printed on your letterhead, used in LAC reviews or referrals and form part of the child’s records. Every service that has used BERRI has concluded that it saves time for professionals rather than taking time, as well as making the data you enter immediately useful - unlike the experience of other outcome measures!

6. How to apply

We expect a high level of interest in this offer, and we must note that places are limited and will be allocated on a first-come-first-served basis to local authorities who sign up to the project (see below).

Options to participate in the FREE Innovate funded project

We are offering three alternative options to local authorities who wish to participate and can commit to the above participation criteria. These are:

a. A commitment to continue to subscribe to BERRI after the project year on a paid basis for at least an additional 12 months IF the project leads to an improvement in outcomes for the children and/or cost savings.

b. A payment-by-results contract for the project year in which LifePsychol will provide free additional clinical services to identify ‘step-down’ candidates and create plans to help them transition into family placements and support these to be successful, in return for 15% of the savings identified.

c. A contract with LifePsychol during the project year for additional paid services (eg training, consultancy or service evaluation and development services) that at least matches the value of the free subscriptions being provided

7. What you need to do to secure your participation

Please complete this Partner Application Form (EOI) to formally express your interest in the project. We will then email you a copy of your survey answers in the form of a contract to be signed by a senior manager. This signed document must be emailed to us as your application to be a project partner. If your application is successful, this document will form a contract between us. We will determine project partners on a first-come-first-served basis, depending on the suitability of your application.

Please remember FREE PLACES ARE LIMITED and participation will be confirmed on a FIRST-COME FIRST-SERVED basis.

Thank you for your interest and we look forward to working with you to improve outcomes for vulnerable children in your area.